National Library of Australia. Search the catalogue for collection items held by the National Library of Australia. Labour Day opening hours. Regular reading room hours will resume on Tuesday 8th October. Jordan, Rosa. Far from Botany Bay : a novel.
Down and Away to Botany Bay
Lantzville, B. Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video. You can view this on the NLA website. Login Register. How to travel from Botany Bay to Wollongong Find all the possible transport options for your trip from Botany Bay to Wollongong right here.
Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport operators, ensuring you can make an informed decision about which option will suit you best. Click the map below to see more travel options. What companies run services between Botany Bay and Wollongong? Bus operators. Premier Motor Service. Estimated price.
Broadstairs – beachside beauty for a day out in Kent
Other operators. Wollongong had an estimated urban population of , at June , making Wollongong the third largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle, and the tenth largest city in Australia. Places to stay in Wollongong See more. Things to do around Wollongong See more.
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Days out in Kent – Broadstairs and Botany Bay | day trip London to Kent
This isn't what I was looking for. This page is hard to understand. I was looking for schedules. I was looking to purchase a ticket. What can we do to improve this page? Although the penal settlement was almost immediately shifted to Sydney Cove, for some time in Britain transportation to "Botany Bay" was a metonym for transportation to any of the Australian penal settlements. Archaeological evidence from the shores of Botany Bay has yielded evidence of an Aboriginal settlement dating back 5, years.
The Aboriginal people of Sydney were known as the Eora with sub-groups derived from the languages they spoke. The people living between the Cooks River and the Georges River were the Bidjigal clan; on the southern shores of the bay were the Gweagal clan,  while on the northern shore it was the Kameygal clan. Cook's landing marked the beginning of Britain 's interest in Australia and in the eventual colonisation of this new "southern continent".
However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead: sic "The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay". First contact was made with the local indigenous people, the Eora , who seemed curious but suspicious of the newcomers. Two days later the remaining ships of the First Fleet arrived to found the planned penal colony. However, the land was quickly ruled unsuitable for settlement as there was insufficient fresh water; Phillip also believed the swampy foreshores would render any colony unhealthy as the bay was open and unprotected, the water too shallow to allow the ships to anchor close to the shore, and the soil was poor.
The area was studded with enormously strong trees. When the convicts tried to cut them down, their tools broke and the tree trunks had to be blasted out of the ground with gunpowder. The primitive huts built for the officers and officials quickly collapsed in rainstorms. Crucially, Phillip worried that his fledgling colony was exposed to attack from Aborigines or foreign powers. Although his initial instructions were to establish the colony at Botany Bay, he was authorised to establish the colony elsewhere if necessary.
Down and Away to Botany Bay
The good supply of fresh water in the area led to the expansion of its population in the 19th century. The western shore of Botany Bay remained in its virgin state for almost fifty years after the initial settlement of Sydney Town.
- Far from Botany Bay.
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- Faith, Hope and Gravity.
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- The Fundamentals of Music (The Complete Guide to Learning Music Book 2);
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Land access to the area was difficult until a route from the west was established via Canterbury. As this route developed it became known as Illawarra Road, which is still one of the main access routes to the south-eastern suburbs of Sydney.
The land nearer to this crossing of Cooks River was cleared and settled quite early in the infancy of the new colony. The British Admiralty had instructed Captain Cook to seek out useful ports of shelter and refreshment during his voyage of discovery. Even though in Europe these settlements go by the name of the colony of Botany Bay, there is no settlement in Botany Bay itself, where the land is damp, marshy and infertile, the climate is unhealthy, and there is no suitable or safe anchorage for ships . Even so, Cook evidently found a valuable port while Endeavour was anchored in Botany Bay in because, after leaving the Bay, the ship did not enter and investigate any other inlet on the temperate coast of Australia.
Cook probably followed an ancient Aboriginal track Frenchmans Road  that lead him to Port Jackson , which lies some ten kilometres north of Botany Bay. Knowing that its strategic value had to be concealed in an age of furious Anglo-French rivalry , Cook did not record the vast extent of the deep natural harbour which is not visible from outside the Heads in his journal and charts.
However, he reported it to the Admiralty immediately upon returning to London. Sydney Airport , Australia's busiest airport, sits on the northwestern side of Botany Bay. Land was reclaimed from the bay to extend its first north—south runway and to build a second, parallel, runway. The first container terminal at Port Botany, east of the airport, was completed during the s and is the largest container terminal in Sydney. A second container terminal was completed during the s and bulk liquid storage facilities are located on the northern and southern edge of the bay.
A third container terminal was completed in